‘Why choose Australia as a penal colony?’ is the subject of the Overseas Group virtual meeting topic and is in no sense meant to be a derogatory comment, we’re sure that Australia made a fine penal colony but it is 12,000 miles away and logistically must have given the authorities quite a headache.
The starting point for the journey to Australia was Portsmouth harbour in Hampshire. Prison hulks lay at anchor and conditions upon them were perfectly dreadful.
These prisoners were in a pretty awful physical condition, diseased and malnourished, they would be at sea for months and when they arrived in Australia, there was much to do to make a settlement.
The following ships were prison hulks in Portsmouth and Langstone harbours; HMS Pegase, HMS Protee, HMS Vengeance, HMS Crown, HMS Stirling Castle, HMS Racoonn, HMS Leviathan, HMS Defence and HMS Briton. On the Gosport side of the harbour lay HMS York, HMS Lion and HMS Captivity.
The prisoners were eventually transferred to the ships that would sail for Australia and eleven ships finally sailed from Portsmouth on 13th May 1787.
Approximately 775 listed convicts were on board, most of them from London.
Beverley Babes turn 80!
Beverley Babes – Who are the ‘Beverley Babes’? At the start of the Second World War, the Portsmouth based Royal Naval and Royal Marine Maternity Home moved to Beverley House, Southwick Road, Wickham. Beverley House was to remain in operation as a naval maternity home until mid-1946. The babies born at Beverley House are affectionately […]
HGS Fair Oak Open Evening
Would you like to trace your family history but don’t know where to start? Have you started your research but hit a brick wall and don’t know where to look next? The HGS Fair Oak Group is holding an Open Evening at the St Thomas’ Church Hall, Fair Oak on Tuesday 8th October from 7:30pm […]
Headley village booklet now available
Headley, (VB104) is a large parish reduced in size by the creation of Grayshott in 1901, the creation of Whitehill civil parish in 1929 and the creation of Bordon ecclesiastical parish in 2002. Headley is 4 miles north of Liphook and 8 miles south of Farnham
Protestant Dissenters Burials Grounds
There is an interesting insight into the use of separate burial grounds for dissenters written onto the first page of the burial register for the Christchurch Independent Church that is in reference RG4/399.
Review of HGS Conference Day 2019
Review of HGS Conference Day 2019 Our third conference day was held on 15th June and was attended by 150 delegates. In the luxury of the Fair Oak Suite of the Macdonald Hotel and Spa, Botley, everyone took advantage of the opportunity to catch up with old friends and meet new ones.