‘Why choose Australia as a penal colony?’ is the subject of the Overseas Group virtual meeting topic and is in no sense meant to be a derogatory comment, we’re sure that Australia made a fine penal colony but it is 12,000 miles away and logistically must have given the authorities quite a headache.
The starting point for the journey to Australia was Portsmouth harbour in Hampshire. Prison hulks lay at anchor and conditions upon them were perfectly dreadful.
These prisoners were in a pretty awful physical condition, diseased and malnourished, they would be at sea for months and when they arrived in Australia, there was much to do to make a settlement.
The following ships were prison hulks in Portsmouth and Langstone harbours; HMS Pegase, HMS Protee, HMS Vengeance, HMS Crown, HMS Stirling Castle, HMS Racoonn, HMS Leviathan, HMS Defence and HMS Briton. On the Gosport side of the harbour lay HMS York, HMS Lion and HMS Captivity.
The prisoners were eventually transferred to the ships that would sail for Australia and eleven ships finally sailed from Portsmouth on 13th May 1787.
Approximately 775 listed convicts were on board, most of them from London.
Home Guard Names in the Hampshire Record Office
Home Guard Names in the Hampshire Record Office Did anyone in your family serve in the Home Guard during WWII? They may be included in the number of members in the Hampshire Home Guard who have been mentioned in the HRO catalogue and either appear in documents and photographs.
Discord in Marriage
Interesting little snippets from some of the old newspapers include brief advertisements where husbands have declared that they will not be responsible for their wife’s debts. One item from James LINDSAY appeared in the Hampshire Chronicle printed on 4th September 1820. He said that he would not be answerable for any debts incurred by his […]
HGS on Radio Solent
On Friday 1st February, Radio Solent broadcasted their Sasha Twining Show from the Dolphin Shopping Centre in Poole. Along with two other experts, HGS Chairman and Ringwood Group member Paul Pinhorne, along with Pat and George Hilbert, also from the Ringwood Group were there to help people with their family history research. Many interesting questions […]
Winchfield village booklet now available
Winchfield, (VB101) is located midway between Farnborough and Basingstoke with the A30 forming part of the northern parish boundary. The B3016 crosses the parish from south to north. The Basingstoke Canal forms part of the southern border, the London to Southampton railway crosses the parish and recently the M3 follows the same route. There is […]
Old Alresford village booklet now available
Old Alresford, (VB100) is located midway between Alton and Winchester just north of New Alresford which is on the A31. Alresford Pond is a large lake created in the 12th Century at the head of the River Arle, a tributary of the River Itchen. Several water mills have existed along the river with the restored […]